The historical town of Masooleh , having an attractive nature and a wonderful architecture with an antiquity of more than 1000 years, is situated at a distance of 35 km from Fooman and 60 km from Rasht , and 1050 m. above the Caspian sea. Masouleh is registered as historical towns in the historical & cultural heritage register under the number 1090.
From the architectural point of view this town is unique in the world, so that the yard of a house is the roof of another one.
This beautiful complex , remained from history with traditions, manners and customs, handicrafts , and many natural and historical sites , is the host of thousands of eager guests and travelers every year.
Taleshi (dialect) is spoken in Masouleh which consists some Russian, Turkish, Arabic, Persian and Guilaki words.
In the past, Masouleh was also called Khortab Khani, Bishatolbaqareh and Masalar, probably the town was near a mountain named Masalar and by passing the times it is changed to Masouleh.
In the past ages, people were settled in a higher place named Kohneh Masouleh which was 8 km. far from the new town, it is probably they removed to Masouleh for some events such as Storm, Flood, Earthquake, Epidemically diseases or War.
Masouleh enjoys pleasant and moderate weather as a mountainous region. Due to being located on Caspian strip and having also suitable soil it is covered with luxuriant forests such as Tosca, Walnut, Hazelnut and Pasturages.
Besides, There are waterfalls, small rivers and springs, that totally have created a beautiful and eye-catching natural landscape. Mountains of Masouleh enjoy some mines such as iron, Quartz, China root, zinc and Galena. In the time of king Fathali Qajar , existence of these mines caused to make cannons of Iranian artillery in Masouleh .
The most important handicrafts of Masouleh are such as kinds of knife and steel tools , making charooq, giveh, chamoosh ( kinds of shooses), weaving a simple kind of Carpet which is called Jajim (coarse) and Gelim (short-napped coarse Carpet), woolen socks and gloves and dolls, varieties of gates , windows, tables and chairs. Every tourist who comes to Masouleh , wishes to buy a small coarse or any other handicrafts as a souvenir.